Presbyopia is age related far sightedness that is an extremely common condition that is acquired as we age, so common in fact that over three million new cases are reported each year. Symptoms include not being able to focus clearly on objects close to you especially when reading. A tell-tale sign if your blurred vision is caused by is if you move the item further away and it becomes clearer.
So, if you have age related far sightedness your first question is likely, “Is there a cure for Presbyopia?”. Doctors and researchers have for decades experimented with eye drops placed directly on the eye to assist it with focusing, as well as with drugs to reverse or slow the aging of the eye but at this time neither of these have proven reliable. Unfortunately, at this time there is not a cure for this condition that does not require surgery, but there are a number of treatment options to choose from.
Surgery for Presbyopia
Of the surgery options the one that has gained popularity lately is a corneal implant with two variations of the treatment; corneal inlay and corneal onlay. This treatment improves reading and near vision by inserting an optical device similar to a very small contact lens into the cornea of the eye. With the onlay procedure the optical device is placed near the surface of the cornea on a part of the eye called the epithelium. With the inlay the device is places deeper in the cornea in the stroma, a thicker layer in the middle of the eye. While slightly more invasive the inlay will generally produce more long-lasting predictable results while the inlay is less invasive and has fewer risks.
Another option is refractive surgery, similar to Lasik where the cornea of the eye is actually reshaped. This is a more drastic procedure and is often done in a monovision style where one eye is treated for near-sightedness and the other for far-sightedness. Because of the nature of this treatment your doctor may recommend you try monovision lenses before you proceed.
To assist the eye to focus on nearby objects the treatment needs to compensate for the eyes inability to do so. Reading glasses are the simplest treatment for presbyopia and you do not need an expensive pair of prescription glasses to treat the condition. You do want to get reading glasses with optical quality lenses as these are of higher quality and better for your eyes. Simply try different powers in the range from +1.00 to +4.00 diopter until you are able to focus and read clearly at a comfortable distance.
Bifocals, Trifocals and Progressive Lenses
All of these glasses offer different corrective prescriptions on different parts of the lenses. The bifocal and trifocal are less expensive but will have a visible horizontal line separating the reading prescription from the distance viewing prescription. The progressive lens does not have a visible lines between the different focusing strengths. All of these types of lenses will require a prescription and can be very expensive. You will also have to work with an optometry shop to have the lenses put into glasses for you.
If you do not want to wear reading glasses or eyeglasses you can try contact lenses for presbyopia. However, this is not an option for many people as it severely affects their distance viewing focus. There are newer types of bifocal contact lenses but these are not a popular choice.
We at Visualites understand the challenges of aging and specifically with the way it affects your vision and ability to read. That is why we have designed what we think is the perfect solution, designer lightweight reading glasses that are compact in size and in a durable case that makes them easy to keep with you without breaking them!
Jerry Willis is the owner of Lumen Eyewear and the computer glasses and reading glasses brand Visualites. Jerry has years of experience in eyewear frame and lens design and manufacturing of eyewear and is a member of the Vision Council of the United States of America. Lumen Eyewear is also a FDA licensed manufacturer and importer of reading glasses and computer glasses. Visualites is dedicated to bringing its customers products that not only improve their vision but the health of their eyes.